Roads, Saratoga County (Shapefile : 1998)


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
Publication_Date: 1998
Title: Roads, Saratoga County (Shapefile : 1998)
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: Bureau of the Census
Online_Linkage: http://cugir.mannlib.cornell.edu/bucketinfo.jsp?id=1457
Description:
Abstract: This shapefile is an extract of selected geographic and cartographic information from the 1995 TIGER/Line files detailing roads and highways. This dataset includes primary highways with limited access, primary roads without limited access, secondary and connecting roads, local, neighborhood and rural roads, vehicular trails, roads with special characteristics, and roads, trails, stairs and walkways used by bicyclists and pedestrians.
Purpose: For use in conjunction with other Census data in geographic and demographic analysis.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1995
Currentness_Reference: Publication Date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Not applicable
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -74.160
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.573
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 43.398
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 42.775
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Highways
Theme_Keyword: Interstate Highways
Theme_Keyword: Primary Highways
Theme_Keyword: Primary Roads
Theme_Keyword: Secondary Roads
Theme_Keyword: Connecting Roads
Theme_Keyword: Local Roads
Theme_Keyword: Neighborhood Roads
Theme_Keyword: Rural Roads
Theme_Keyword: Vehicular Trails
Theme_Keyword: Cul-de-sac
Theme_Keyword: Traffic Circles
Theme_Keyword: Access Ramps
Theme_Keyword: Service Drives
Theme_Keyword: Ferry Crossings
Theme_Keyword: Foot and Hiking Trails
Theme_Keyword: Walkways
Theme_Keyword: Stairways
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: LCSH
Theme_Keyword: Alleys
Theme_Keyword: Driveways
Theme_Keyword: Roads
Theme_Keyword: Trails
Theme_Keyword: Communication and traffic
Theme_Keyword: Transportation -- New York (State) -- Saratoga County -- Maps.
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: transportation
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: LCSH
Place_Keyword: New York (State)
Place_Keyword: Saratoga County (N.Y.) -- Maps.
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None. Acknowledgement of the U.S. Bureau of the Census would be appreciated for products derived from these files. TIGER, TIGER/Line and Census TIGER are trademarks of the Bureau of the Census.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Cornell University
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann_ref@cornell.edu
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Converted into Arc/Info format in HP-UX environment.

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: Original TIGER/Line data is accurate against Federal Processing Standards (FIPS), FIPS Publication 6-4 and FIPS-55 at the 100% level for the codes and base names. The remaining attribute information has been examined but has not been fully tested for accuracy.
Logical_Consistency_Report: According to TIGER/Line documentation: the feature network of lines (as represented by Record Types 1 and 2) is complete for census purposes. Spatial objects in TIGER/Line belong to the "Geometry and Topology" (GT) class of objects in the "Spatial Data Transfer Standard" (SDTS) FIPS publication 173 and are topologically valid. Node/geometry and topology (GT)-polygon/chain relationships are collected or generated to satisfy topological edit requirements. These requirements include: complete chains must begin and end at nodes, complete chains must connect to each other at nodes, complete chains do not extend through nodes, left and right GT-polygons are defined for each complete chain element and are consistent throughout the extract process, and the chains representing the limits of the files are free of gaps. The Census Bureau performed automated tests to ensure logical consistency and limits of files. All polygons are tested for closure. Some polygons in the TIGER/Line files may be so small that the polygon internal point has been manually placed on a node that defines the polygon perimeter. These small polygons have been detected, and corrections will be incorporated in the Census TIGER data in the future. The Census Bureau uses its internally developed Geographic Update System to enhance and modify spatial and attribute data in the Census TIGER data base. Standard geographic codes, such as FIPS codes for states, counties, municipalities and places, are used when encoding spatial entities. The Census Bureau performed spatial data tests for logical consistency of the codes during the compilation of the original Census TIGER data base files. Most of the codes themselves were provided to the Census Bureau by the USGS, the agency responsible for maintaining FIPS 55. Feature attribute information has been examined but has not been fully tested for consistency.
Completeness_Report: Data completeness reflects the contents of TIGER/Line 1995.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: DLG accuracy is 120 ft. DIME accuracy is 300 ft.
Quantitative_Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Assessment:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Value: 120 ft.
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Explanation: Resolution as reported.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census.
Publication_Date: 1995
Title: TIGER/Line
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, DC
Publisher: U.S. Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Data User Services Division.
Type_of_Source_Media: CD-ROM
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1995
Source_Currentness_Reference: Publication Date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: None
Source_Contribution: Provided data concerning New York State. Information about sources used to create TIGER/Line is available at http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/tigermetadata.html (as of 7/28/98).
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Information concerning steps taken to create TIGER/Line is available in "Chapter 5: Data Quality" in TIGER/Line 1995 Documentation (as of 7/28/98 available at http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/tl95doc.html).
Process_Date: Unknown
Process_Step:
Process_Description: This file was processed from TIGER/Line 1995, by conversion into Arc/Info coverage format using the TIGERTOOL command in a custom AML program run in Arc/Info version 7.1.2. Most label errors were corrected. It was then exported into Arc/Info Interchange format (.e00). This file was also reprojected from Geographic to Universal Transverse Mercator, with units converted from decimal degrees to meters. Some corrections were made to the data in this conversion process.
Process_Date: 1998
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Reprojected from UTM/metters to Geographic/Decimal Degrees using GRS80 and NAD83. Afterwards, ARCShape command used to convert from Arc/Info coverage format to shapefile. Work was completed using a custom AML program run in Arc/Info version 7.1.2.
Process_Date: 1998

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.000458
Longitude_Resolution: 0.000458
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal Degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodedic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222101

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: For entity and attribute information, consult the Tiger95 documentation. See "Chapter 3: Attributes of Geographic Objects" and "Chapter 4: Geographic Entities". Available online at <http://www.census.gov/geo/www/tiger/tl95doc.html> (as of 7/28/98).
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: Not available.

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Cornell University
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann_ref@cornell.edu
Distribution_Liability: Cornell Unversity provides these geographic data "as is." Cornell University makes no guarantee or warranty concerning the accuracy of information contained in the geographic data. Cornell University further makes no warranty either expressed or implied, regarding the condition of the product or its fitness for any particular purpose. The burden for determining fitness for use lies entirely with the user. Although these files have been processed successfully on computers at Cornell University, no warranty is made by Cornell University regarding the use of these data on any other system, nor does the fact of distribution constitute or imply any such warranty.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 199807
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Cornell University
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann_ref@cornell.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards For Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998