Butterfly Occurrence Database, New York State (Shapefile : 2002)


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 200201
Title: Butterfly Occurrence Database, New York State (Shapefile : 2002)
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, Virginia
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://cugir.mannlib.cornell.edu/bucketinfo.jsp?id=7323
Description:
Abstract: This data set portrays the occurrence of butterflies in counties in New York State. Butterfly occurrence data are cumulative, so positive occurrence data do not necessarily imply current residence of the species. Most records are from the last 30 to 40 years, with a few records that date from as early as the late 1800's.
Purpose: These data are intended for use in publications at a scale of 1:2,000,000 or smaller. Due to the small scale, the primary use is for regional and national data display and analysis, rather than specific local data analysis. No responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data.
Supplemental_Information: This data set must be used together with the dBASE IV file bflyspt.dbf. Bflyspt.dbf describes the butterfly species to which this occurrence data applies. To create maps that are similar to the maps in the National Atlas <http://nationalatlas.gov/natlas/natlasstart.asp>, butflyt.dbf can be joined to the 2000 county boundaries available from the National Atlas download page, <http://nationalatlas.gov/atlasftp.html>.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1995
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Irregular
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 172
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -66
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 72
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 18
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: LCSH
Theme_Keyword: butterflies
Theme_Keyword: lepidoptera
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: biota
Theme_Keyword: environment
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: LCSH
Place_Keyword: New York (State)
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None. Acknowledgment of the National Atlas of the United States of America and (or) the U.S. Geological Survey would be appreciated in products derived from these data.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Terry Shaffer
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 8711 37th Street Southeast
City: Jamestown
State_or_Province: ND
Postal_Code: 58401
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 701-253-5522
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: terry_shaffer@usgs.gov
Data_Set_Credit: The following people and organizations contributed to the original data set compiled by the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (NPWRC). Contributors are listed by project. Butterflies of the Eastern United States (Opler): Museum collections surveyed by the compiler were the National Museum of Natural History (Washington, DC); Frost Museum, Pennsylvania State University; and the E. O. Essig Museum, University of California at Berkeley. Other State institutional collections were surveyed by contributors. The contributors should receive most of the credit for the many days afield and the many hours spent compiling records. The names of the many collectors or naturalists who provided data to State compilers or for recently published State treatments are not all included, but their contributions were crucial of course. Dr. John M. Burns (USNM), Dr. K.C. Kim (Frost Museum), and Dr. J.A. Powell (Essig Museum) kindly allowed the NPWRC compiler to examine collections under their care. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service provided logistic support. All work by the compiler was carried out during non-duty hours. In New York, many thanks to J. Ingraham and L.L. Pechumen. Additional persons who provided county records are listed in the acknowledgments section of the Peterson Field Guide to Butterflies of Eastern North America (Opler and Malikul, 1992). Museum collections examined for Western records include the American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York
Native_Data_Set_Environment: dBASE IV

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: All records in the original files were checked by a qualified lepidopterist before inclusion. Both compilation and checking were performed manually and there is a possibility that some errors may remain.
Logical_Consistency_Report: Not applicable
Completeness_Report: This data file includes information for all counties in the United States where population information is available. A species is reported as present in a county if there is a specimen in an institutional or private collection, or a reliable literature record such as a citation in an original description, a monograph, or a State compilation. Records may represent either resident or stray status. Lack of data for a county indicates that no records exist, rather than that no species are present. This data is cumulative, so a positive record does not necessarily imply current residence of the species.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division
Publication_Date: 1995
Title: Text file of butterfly occurrence information
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Jamestown, ND
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic mail system
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1995
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Bflytab
Source_Contribution: Spatial and attribute information
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division
Publication_Date: 1995
Title: Text file of butterfly common names and species
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Jamestown, ND
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Type_of_Source_Media: electronic mail system
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: Unknown
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: bflyspec
Source_Contribution: Attribute information
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 199809
Title: Butterfly Occurrence Database
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, Virginia
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1995
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date of source material
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: ATLAS-BUTFLY
Source_Contribution: attribute information
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The original occurrence file (Bflytab) was compiled by the Biological Resources Division from multiple sources, including U.S. museums, State University collections, reliable literature publications, scientific literature, private collections, and information provided by State and regional coordinators. Most records are specimen based, although some sightings of easily identified species were accepted. Primary references include: Opler, Paul A. 1995. Lepidoptera of North America: 2. Distribution of the butterflies (Papilionoidea and Hesperioides) of the eastern United States. Contributions of the C.P. Gillette Museum of Insect Biodiversity. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado Pavulaan, Harry and Paul A. Opler. 1995. Atlas of eastern butterflies. Unpublished information. Stanford, Ray E. and Paul A. Opler. 1993. Atlas of western USA butterflies, including adjacent parts of Canada and Mexico. Published by authors. Denver, Colorado. Further information on sources and procedures can be found on the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center web page on butterflies at: <http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/distr/lepid/bflyusa/bflyusa.htm> The Species listing (bflyspec) was compiled by the Biological Resources Division. All naming is based on the most recent North American Butterfly Association standards and some changes introduced in Layberry et al, 1998, Butterflies of Canada, University of Toronto Press. The two source files were received as ASCII delimited text files. These files were read into WordPerfect and edited to delete extra characters, and to add column headings. The resulting files were loaded into ArcView as text, then saved as .dbf files. Bflytab was edited in ArcView to convert the FIPS codes from integer to character, and to add leading zeros to those FIPS codes that were only 4 digits. Both files were then saved in ArcView as .dbf files. In the online, interactive National Atlas of the United States, the occurrence file is joined to the 2000 county boundaries for display purposes, and the occurrence file and the species listing are linked via a Structured Query Language statement in Microsoft Access.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Bflytab
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: Bflyspec
Process_Date: 1998
Source_Produced_Citation_Abbreviation: ATLAS-BUTFLY
Process_Step:
Process_Description: In ATLAS-BUTFLY, FIPS code 12025 (Dade County) was changed to FIPS code 12086 (Miami-Dade County). In addition, 50 records were deleted that contained invalid county FIPS codes.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: ATLAS-BUTFLY
Process_Date: 20020104
Process_Step:
Process_Description: In order to geoprocess spatial files for New York State from the National Atlas Data for distribution in CUGIR, the nationwide data files were added to a map document in ArcInfo 8.2. Using the geoprocessing wizard's clip function, the spatial files were clipped to the detailed New York polygon.
Process_Date: 200212

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Indirect_Spatial_Reference: U.S. Department of Commerce, 1987, Codes for the Identification of the States, the District of Columbia and the Outlying Areas of the United States, and Associated Areas (FIPS 5-2): Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology. U.S. Department of Commerce, 1990, Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas (FIPS 6-4): Washington, DC, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Butterfly occurrences; described by butflyt.dbf
Entity_Type_Definition: Whether a butterfly has been reported in a given county; listed as a table of butterfly distribution
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Fips
Attribute_Definition: The State and county FIPS code for the area to which the occurrence data applies.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Counties and Equivalent Entities of the United States, Its Possessions, and Associated Areas, FIPS 6-4, 1990.
Codeset_Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Specie#
Attribute_Definition: The Species number where # is a number from 1 to 789. The species numbers represent butterfly species, which are identified by Species name, Family, Subfamily, and Common name in bflyspt.dbf. The species number in butflyt.dbf corresponds to the number listed under Column in the bflyspt.dbf file. For example, the Specie3 field contains occurrence data for Achalarus casica (Common name: Desert Cloudywing) butterflies.
Attribute_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: The butterfly species defined for the field has not been reported in the county. Counties are identified in the "Fips" column.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: The butterfly species defined for the field has been reported in the county. Counties are identified in the "Fips" column.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: The butterfly species defined for the field has been reported in the county, but the report has not been confirmed. Counties are identified in the "Fips" column.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: U.S. Geological Survey

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Cornell University
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann_ref@cornell.edu
Distribution_Liability: Cornell Unversity provides these geographic data "as is." Cornell University makes no guarantee or warranty concerning the accuracy of information contained in the geographic data. Cornell University further makes no warranty either expressed or implied, regarding the condition of the product or its fitness for any particular purpose. The burden for determining fitness for use lies entirely with the user. Although these files have been processed successfully on computers at Cornell University, no warranty is made by Cornell University regarding the use of these data on any other system, nor does the fact of distribution constitute or imply any such warranty. Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the U.S. Geological Survey, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the U.S. Geological Survey regarding the utility of the data on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. No responsibility is assumed by the U.S. Geological Survey in the use of these data.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20020211
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Peg Rawson
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: 521 National Center
City: Reston
State_or_Province: VA
Postal_Code: 20192
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 703-648-4183
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: atlasmail@usgs.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System: None
Metadata_Security_Classification: Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description: None