Geology of New York State at 1:2,500,000 -- A Digital Representation of the King and Beikman Map


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Schruben
Originator: Arndt
Originator: Bawiec
Publication_Date:
Title: Geology of New York State at 1:2,500,000 -- A Digital Representation of the King and Beikman Map
Edition: 2.0
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Map
Series_Information:
Series_Name: U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series
Issue_Identification: DDS-11
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://cugir.mannlib.cornell.edu/datatheme.jsp?id=30
Description:
Abstract: In 1974 the U.S. Geological Survey published a new Geologic Map of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii) on a scale of 1:2,500,000, which was compiled between 1967 and 1971 by Philip B. King and Helen M. Beikman, with geologic cartography by Gertrude J. Edmonston.
Purpose: (from King and Beikman, 1974b) The map displays the rocky foundations on which our of investigation of this foundation by a succession of geologists. It is thus a reference work that present and future geologists of the country can consult and is of prime importance in the education of earth scientists in schools and colleges. Further, it can be consulted by geologists in other countries and continents who wish to learn about the geology of the United States; they will compare the map with similar national or continental maps of their own countries. In terms of resources useful to man, the Geologic Map lays out accurately the major regions of bedrock in New York State upon which many facets of our economy depend. It illustrates the areas of stratified rocks that are the sources of most of our fuels, and the areas of crystalline, plutonic, and volcanic rocks that contain important parts of mineral wealth. The map shows areas of complex folding and faulting, parts of which are still tectonically unstable and subject to earthquake hazards. To some extent the bedrock represented on the map also influences surface soils, which are of interest in agriculture and engineering works. Beyond this, the practical value of the map is less tangible, although it can be an important tool for the discerning user. Clearly, the map will not pinpoint the location of the next producing oil well or the next bonanza mine, nor will it give specific advice for the location of a dam or reactor site; these needs can only be satisfied by maps on much larger scales, designed for specific purposes. Nevertheless, the sapient exploration geologist can find upon it significant regional features not apparent to the untrained user. Many great petroleum pools occur in stratigraphic traps, or "wedge belts of porosity," caused by overlap or truncation, the regional occurrence of which can be seen on the map. Important mineral deposits cluster along regional tectonic trends or chains of plutons of specific ages. Finally, the Geologic Map will be used in national planning activities in conjunction with other national maps showing environmental features such as climate, vegetation, and land use --for the location of power transmission corridors, highways, National Parks, wilderness areas, reclamation projects, and the like.
Supplemental_Information: Procedures_Used This section is from Schruben et al. The map of King and Beikman (1974a) was digitized by the USGS (Schruben et al.). The linework was captured by hand digitizing as well as scanning from the paper map and negatives. The digital map was assembled and edited in ARC/INFO on a state-by-state basis, which caused some edge-matching problems. The final mosaic was adjusted several times to correct for registration problems. The coastline was taken from the 1:200,000,000 scale Digital Line Graph data (USGS, 1987), generalized to 1 km. Revisions Reviews_Applied_to_Data Related_Spatial_and_Tabular_Data_Sets: None. References_Cited King, Philip A. and Helen M. Beikman, 1974a, USGS Geologic Map of the United States , Washington, D.C.: U.S.Government Printing Office. <http://minerals.er.usgs.gov:80/kb/pp901.txt> Philip B. King and Helen K. Beikman, 1974b, Explanatory Text to Accompany the Geologic Map of the United States, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. Schruben, Paul G., Raymond E. Arndt, and Walter J. Bawiec, Geology of Coterminous United States: Digital Representation of King and Beikman 1974, USGS Digital Data Series DDS-11 <http://pubs.usgs.gov/dds/dds11/>
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Multiple_Dates/Times:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1974
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1994
Currentness_Reference:
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: Not planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -124.76080322
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -66.95779419
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 49.37174225
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.54479027
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Bedrock Geology
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: LCSH
Place_Keyword: New York (State)
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Muawia Barazangi
Contact_Organization: Cornell University
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: Snee Hall, Department of Geosciences
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 14853
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (607)255-6411
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (607)254-4780
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: gis@geology.cornell.edu
Native_Data_Set_Environment: SunOS UNIX, ARC/INFO version 7.2.1
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator: King, Philip B.
Originator: Beikman, Helen M.
Publication_Date: 1974
Title: Explanatory text to accompany the geologic map of the US

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: Construction of a geologic map of an area as large and complex as the conterminous United States requires a great deal of generalization: geologic units shown on larger scale maps are combined into broader map units and their contacts are simplified to produce a pattern that is legible at the scale of publication. The process of generalization used in the compilation of the Geologic Map of the United States is described in King and Beikman (1974a, p. 20). Furthermore, the Geologic Map of the United States is primarily a bedrock map, which depicts geologic materials present beneath the soil or relatively thin mantles of surficial deposits, not necessarily the surficial materials themselves. For example, the map does not depict the glacial deposits in the northern States, the widespread eolian deposits in the High Plains, and the high-level gravels that mantle older Tertiary and pre-Tertiary units in much of the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains. For more information See Entity_Attribute_Information.
Quantitative_Attribute_Accuracy_Assessment:
Attribute_Accuracy_Value:
Attribute_Accuracy_Explanation:
Logical_Consistency_Report: Polygon and chain-node topology present.
Completeness_Report: The Geologic Map of the United States is primarily a bedrock map, which depicts geologic materials present beneath the soil or relatively thin mantles of surficial deposits, not necessarily the surficial materials themselves. For example, the map does not depict the glacial deposits in the northern States, the widespread eolian deposits in the High Plains, and the high-level gravels that mantle older Tertiary and pre-Tertiary units in much of the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: The users of the geologic map on this disc should respect the intentions of the compilers of the map and some of its limitations. The Geologic Map of the United States (King and Beikman, 1974a) is intended to be used at a scale of 1:250,000,000, not at a more detailed scale. For instance, Colorado is about 10 inches wide at the published scale of the King and Beikman map.
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Philip B. King
Originator: Helen M. Beikman
Publication_Date: 1974
Title: Explanatory text to accompany the geologic map of the United States Series_Information:
Series_Information:
Series_Name: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper
Issue_Identification: 901
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, VA
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Source_Scale_Denominator: 2500000
Type_of_Source_Media: Paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1974
Source_Currentness_Reference: Publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: King and Beikman (1974)
Process_Step:

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 12859
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: String
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 29972
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: GT-polygon composed of chains'
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 12860

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution:
Longitude_Resolution:
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal Degrees
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: WGS84
Ellipsoid_Name: WGS84

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: USGS_GEO.PAT
Entity_Type_Definition: Attribute table of USGS_GEO
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ARC/INFO
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: -
Attribute_Definition: Attribute table of USGS_GEO
Attribute_Definition_Source: ARC/INFO
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: AREA
Attribute_Definition: Area of poly/region in square coverage units
Attribute_Definition_Source: Computed
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Positive real numbers
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PERIMETER
Attribute_Definition: Perimeter of poly/region in coverage units
Attribute_Definition_Source: Computed
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Positive real numbers
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: USGS_GEO#
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number
Attribute_Definition_Source: Computed
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Sequential unique positive integer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: USGS_GEO-ID
Attribute_Definition: User-assigned feature number
Attribute_Definition_Source: User-defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Integer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ORDER
Attribute_Definition: code indicating rock unit
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: integer 1 to 162
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: UNIT
Attribute_Definition: abbreviation of bedrock unit name
Attribute_Definition_Source: USGS Professional Paper 901
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: names
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ROCKDESC
Attribute_Definition: description of rock unit: age and rock type
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: descriptions
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: AGECOLOR
Attribute_Definition: code number of the color indicating geologic age
Attribute_Definition_Source: Cornell shadeset
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: integers 1 to 134
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ROCK
Attribute_Definition: code indicating rock unit (same as ORDER)
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: integers 1 to 162
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: USGS_GEO.AAT
Entity_Type_Definition: Attribute table of USGS_GEO.
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: ARC/INFO
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: -
Attribute_Definition: Attribute table of USGS_GEO.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ARC/INFO
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FNODE#
Attribute_Definition: Internal number of from-node
Attribute_Definition_Source: Computed
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Sequential unique positive integer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: TNODE#
Attribute_Definition: Internal number of to-node
Attribute_Definition_Source: Computed
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Sequential unique positive integer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LPOLY#
Attribute_Definition: Internal number of poly to left of arc
Attribute_Definition_Source: Computed
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Sequential unique positive integer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: RPOLY#
Attribute_Definition: Internal number of poly to right of arc
Attribute_Definition_Source: Computed
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Sequential unique positive integer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LENGTH
Attribute_Definition: Length of arc in coverage units
Attribute_Definition_Source: Computed
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Positive real numbers
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: USGS_GEO#
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number
Attribute_Definition_Source: Computed
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Sequential unique positive integer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: USGS_GEO-ID
Attribute_Definition: User-assigned feature number
Attribute_Definition_Source: User-defined
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: Integer
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LTYPE
Attribute_Definition: indicates whether arc is within (0) or between (1) rock units
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 0,1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DESC
Attribute_Definition: indicates whether arc is a contact between rock units or splits one unit
Attribute_Definition_Source:
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: contact (ltype = 1) or split (ltype = 0)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: The polygon attribute table contains the data describing the rock units; the arc attribute table indicates whether the arc is a contact between two rock units or splits a single unit. Arc Attribute Table: LTYPE--code indicating whether arc is a contact between two rock units or splits a single unit 0 = splits a rock unit; 1 = contact between two rock units DESC--describes arc type split = splits a rock unit contact = contact between two rock units Polygon Attribute Table ORDER--numeric code for rock unit (integer between 1 and 162) UNIT--character code for rock unit (e.g., Wg, Txc) ROCKDESC--description of rock unit (age and rock type) (e.g., W metasedimentary; Paleocene continental) AGECOLOR--code for Cornell symbolset, indicating age of rock (integers 1 to 134) ROCK (redefined item)--same as order, above
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: Unknown

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Cornell University
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann_ref@cornell.edu
Distribution_Liability: Cornell University provides these geographic data "as is." Cornell University makes no guarantee or warranty concerning the accuracy of information contained in the geographic data. Cornell University further makes no warranty either expressed or implied, regarding the condition of the product or its fitness for any particular purpose. The burden for determining fitness for use lies entirely with the user. Although these files have been processed successfully on computers at Cornell University, no warranty is made by Cornell University regarding the use of these data on any other system, nor does the fact of distribution constitute or imply any such warranty.

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20021215
Metadata_Review_Date: 20021215
Metadata_Future_Review_Date: 20030115
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical Address
Address: Cornell University
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann_ref@cornell.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Access_Constraints: None
Metadata_Use_Constraints: None