National Land Cover Database 2001, Zone 13


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics (MRLC) Consortium
Publication_Date: 2006
Title: National Land Cover Database 2001, Zone 13
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: raster digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Sioux Falls, SD
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Online_Linkage: http://www.mrlc.gov/nlcd01_data.php
Description:
Abstract: The National Land Cover Database 2001 was produced through a cooperative project conducted by the Multi-Resolution Land Characteristics (MRLC) Consortium, a partnership of federal agencies (www.mrlc.gov), consisting of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the U.S. Forest Service (USFS), the National Park Service (NPS), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). One of the primary goals of the project is to generate a current, consistent, seamless, and accurate National Land cover Database (NLCD) circa 2001 for the United States at medium spatial resolution. This landcover map and all documents pertaining to it are considered "provisional" until a formal accuracy assessment can be conducted. For a detailed definition and discussion on MRLC and the NLCD 2001 products, refer to <http://www.mrlc.gov/>. The NLCD 2001 is created by partitioning the U.S. into mapping zones. A total of 66 mapping zones were delineated within the conterminous U.S. based on ecoregion and geographical characteristics, edge matching features and the size requirement of Landsat mosaics. Zone 13 (the northeastern U.S.) consists of mapping zones 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, and 66, which collectively encompasses the entirety of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland, as well as portions of Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia, and North Carolina.
Purpose: The goal of this project is to provide the Nation with complete, current and consistent public domain information on its land use and land cover.
Supplemental_Information: Corner Coordinates (center of pixel, projection meters) Upper Left Corner: 1260255.00 meters(X), 3016035.00 meters(Y) Lower Right Corner: 2266845.00 meters(X), 1586295.00 meters(Y)
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1999
Ending_Date: 2003
Currentness_Reference: ground condition
Status:
Progress: In work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -81.751836
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -65.887186
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 49.126373
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 34.615663
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Land Cover
Theme_Keyword: Land Use
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: planningCadastre
Theme_Keyword: environment
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Place_Keyword: zone 60
Place_Keyword: zone 61
Place_Keyword: zone 63
Place_Keyword: zone 64
Place_Keyword: zone 65
Place_Keyword: zone 66
Place_Keyword: US New England
Place_Keyword: Maine
Place_Keyword: New Hampshire
Place_Keyword: Vermont
Place_Keyword: Massachusetts
Place_Keyword: Rhode Island
Place_Keyword: Connecticut
Place_Keyword: New York
Place_Keyword: New Jersey
Place_Keyword: Delaware
Place_Keyword: Maryland
Place_Keyword: Virginia
Place_Keyword: West Virginia
Place_Keyword: Pennsylvania
Place_Keyword: North Carolina
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints: None
    

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: See the metadata for individual mapping zones that is included in the data download.
Logical_Consistency_Report: See the metadata for individual mapping zones that is included in the data download.
Completeness_Report: See the metadata for individual mapping zones that is included in the data download.
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description: See the metadata for individual mapping zones that is included in the data download.
Process_Date: unknown
    

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Raster
Raster_Object_Information:
Raster_Object_Type: Pixel
Row_Count: 47658
Column_Count: 33553
    

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Map_Projection:
Map_Projection_Name: Albers Conical Equal Area
Albers_Conical_Equal_Area:
Standard_Parallel: 29.500000
Standard_Parallel: 45.500000
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -96.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 23.000000
False_Easting: 0.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: row and column
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 30.000000
Ordinate_Resolution: 30.000000
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222
    

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: landcover13_3k_022007.img
Entity_Type_Definition: NLCD 2001 Land Cover Layer
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: National Land Cover Database 2001
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Value
Attribute_Definition: Land Cover Class Code Value. Class definitions marked with an asterisk (*) are Coastal NLCD Classes only.
Attribute_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: No data value, Alaska zones only
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 11
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Open Water - All areas of open water, generally with less than 25% cover or vegetation or soil
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 12
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Perennial Ice/Snow - All areas characterized by a perennial cover of ice and/or snow, generally greater than 25% of total cover.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 21
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Developed, Open Space - Includes areas with a mixture of some constructed materials, but mostly vegetation in the form of lawn grasses. Impervious surfaces account for less than 20 percent of total cover. These areas most commonly include large-lot single-family housing units, parks, golf courses, and vegetation planted in developed settings for recreation, erosion control, or aesthetic purposes
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 22
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Developed, Low Intensity -Includes areas with a mixture of constructed materials and vegetation. Impervious surfaces account for 20-49 percent of total cover. These areas most commonly include single-family housing units.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 23
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Developed, Medium Intensity - Includes areas with a mixture of constructed materials and vegetation. Impervious surfaces account for 50-79 percent of the total cover. These areas most commonly include single-family housing units.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 24
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Developed, High Intensity - Includes highly developed areas where people reside or work in high numbers. Examples include apartment complexes, row houses and commercial/industrial. Impervious surfaces account for 80 to100 percent of the total cover.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 31
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Barren Land (Rock/Sand/Clay) - Barren areas of bedrock, desert pavement, scarps, talus, slides, volcanic material, glacial debris, sand dunes, strip mines, gravel pits and other accumulations of earthen material. Generally, vegetation accounts for less than 15% of total cover.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 32
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Unconsolidated Shore* - Unconsolidated material such as silt, sand, or gravel that is subject to inundation and redistribution due to the action of water. Characterized by substrates lacking vegetation except for pioneering plants that become established during brief periods when growing conditions are favorable. Erosion and deposition by waves and currents produce a number of landforms representing this class.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 41
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Deciduous Forest - Areas dominated by trees generally greater than 5 meters tall, and greater than 20% of total vegetation cover. More than 75 percent of the tree species shed foliage simultaneously in response to seasonal change.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 42
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Evergreen Forest - Areas dominated by trees generally greater than 5 meters tall, and greater than 20% of total vegetation cover. More than 75 percent of the tree species maintain their leaves all year. Canopy is never without green foliage.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 43
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Mixed Forest - Areas dominated by trees generally greater than 5 meters tall, and greater than 20% of total vegetation cover. Neither deciduous nor evergreen species are greater than 75 percent of total tree cover.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 51
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Dwarf Scrub - Alaska only areas dominated by shrubs less than 20 centimeters tall with shrub canopy typically greater than 20% of total vegetation. This type is often co-associated with grasses, sedges, herbs, and non-vascular vegetation.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 52
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Shrub/Scrub - Areas dominated by shrubs; less than 5 meters tall with shrub canopy typically greater than 20% of total vegetation. This class includes true shrubs, young trees in an early successional stage or trees stunted from environmental conditions.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 71
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Grassland/Herbaceous - Areas dominated by grammanoid or herbaceous vegetation, generally greater than 80% of total vegetation. These areas are not subject to intensive management such as tilling, but can be utilized for grazing.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 72
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Sedge/Herbaceous - Alaska only areas dominated by sedges and forbs, generally greater than 80% of total vegetation. This type can occur with significant other grasses or other grass like plants, and includes sedge tundra, and sedge tussock tundra.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 73
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Lichens - Alaska only areas dominated by fruticose or foliose lichens generally greater than 80% of total vegetation.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 74
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Moss- Alaska only areas dominated by mosses, generally greater than 80% of total vegetation.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 81
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Pasture/Hay - Areas of grasses, legumes, or grass-legume mixtures planted for livestock grazing or the production of seed or hay crops, typically on a perennial cycle. Pasture/hay vegetation accounts for greater than 20 percent of total vegetation.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 82
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Cultivated Crops - Areas used for the production of annual crops, such as corn, soybeans, vegetables, tobacco, and cotton, and also perennial woody crops such as orchards and vineyards. Crop vegetation accounts for greater than 20 percent of total vegetation. This class also includes all land being actively tilled.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 90
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Woody Wetlands - Areas where forest or shrub land vegetation accounts for greater than 20 percent of vegetative cover and the soil or substrate is periodically saturated with or covered with water.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 91
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Palustrine Forested Wetland* -Includes all tidal and non-tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation greater than or equal to 5 meters in height and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 percent. Total vegetation coverage is greater than 20 percent.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 92
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Palustrine Scrub/Shrub Wetland* - Includes all tidal and non-tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 percent. Total vegetation coverage is greater than 20 percent. The species present could be true shrubs, young trees and shrubs or trees that are small or stunted due to environmental conditions.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 93
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Estuarine Forested Wetland* - Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation greater than or equal to 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is equal to or greater than 0.5 percent. Total vegetation coverage is greater than 20 percent.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 94
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Estuarine Scrub/Shrub Wetland* - Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by woody vegetation less than 5 meters in height, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is equal to or greater than 0.5 percent. Total vegetation coverage is greater than 20 percent.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 95
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Emergent Herbaceous Wetlands - Areas where perennial herbaceous vegetation accounts for greater than 80 percent of vegetative cover and the soil or substrate is periodically saturated with or covered with water.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 96
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Palustrine Emergent Wetland (Persistent)* - Includes all tidal and non-tidal wetlands dominated by persistent emergent vascular plants, emergent mosses or lichens, and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 percent. Plants generally remain standing until the next growing season.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 97
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Estuarine Emergent Wetland* - Includes all tidal wetlands dominated by erect, rooted, herbaceous hydrophytes (excluding mosses and lichens) and all such wetlands that occur in tidal areas in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is equal to or greater than 0.5 percent and that are present for most of the growing season in most years. Perennial plants usually dominate these wetlands.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 98
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Palustrine Aquatic Bed* - The Palustrine Aquatic Bed class includes tidal and nontidal wetlands and deepwater habitats in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is below 0.5 percent and which are dominated by plants that grow and form a continuous cover principally on or at the surface of the water. These include algal mats, detached floating mats, and rooted vascular plant assemblages.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: 99
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Estuarine Aquatic Bed* - Includes tidal wetlands and deepwater habitats in which salinity due to ocean-derived salts is equal to or greater than 0.5 percent and which are dominated by plants that grow and form a continuous cover principally on or at the surface of the water. These include algal mats, kelp beds, and rooted vascular plant assemblages.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source: NLCD 2001 land cover class descriptions
    

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey
Contact_Position: Customer Service Representative
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: USGS/EROS
Address: 47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
State_or_Province: SD
Postal_Code: 57198-0001
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 605/594-6151
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: 605/594-6933
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 605/594-6589
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: custserv@usgs.gov
Hours_of_Service: 0800 - 1600 CT, M - F (-6h CST/-5h CDT GMT)
Contact_Instructions: The USGS point of contact is for questions relating to the data display and download from this web site. Questions about the NLCD mapping zone 65 can be directed to the NLCD 2001 land cover mapping team at the USGS/EROS, Sioux Falls, SD (605) 594-6151 or mrlc@usgs.gov.
Resource_Description: Downloadable data
Distribution_Liability: Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer system at the USGS, no warranty expressed or implied is made by the USGS regarding the use of the data on any other system, nor does the act of distribution constitute any such warranty. Data may have been compiled from various outside sources. Spatial information may not meet National Map Accuracy Standards. This information may be updated without notification. The USGS shall not be liable for any activity involving these data, installation, fitness of the data for a particular purpose, its use, or analyses results.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ERDAS
File_Decompression_Technique: zip
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Fees: None
    

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20161006
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Albert R. Mann Library
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical
Address: Albert R. Mann Library
City: Ithaca
State_or_Province: New York
Postal_Code: 14853
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 607-255-5406
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: mann_ref@cornell.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time