Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database for Putnam County, New York


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 20061211
Title: Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database for Putnam County, New York
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Worth, Texas
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Other_Citation_Details: ny079
Online_Linkage: URL:http://SoilDataMart.nrcs.usda.gov/
Description:
Abstract:
This data set is a digital soil survey and generally is the most
detailed level of soil geographic data developed by the National
Cooperative Soil Survey. The information was prepared by digitizing
maps, by compiling information onto a planimetric correct base
and digitizing, or by revising digitized maps using remotely
sensed and other information.

This data set consists of georeferenced digital map data and
computerized attribute data. The map data are in a soil survey area
extent format and include a detailed, field verified inventory
of soils and miscellaneous areas that normally occur in a repeatable
pattern on the landscape and that can be cartographically shown at
the scale mapped. A special soil features layer (point and line
features) is optional. This layer displays the location of features
too small to delineate at the mapping scale, but they are large
enough and contrasting enough to significantly influence use and
management. The soil map units are linked to attributes in the
National Soil Information System relational database, which gives
the proportionate extent of the component soils and their properties.

Purpose: SSURGO depicts information about the kinds and distribution of soils on the landscape. The soil map and data used in the SSURGO product were prepared by soil scientists as part of the National Cooperative Soil Survey.
Supplemental_Information: Digital versions of hydrography, cultural features, and other associated layers that are not part of the SSURGO data set may be available from the primary organization listed in the Point of Contact.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19990514
Ending_Date: 20061211
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.982
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -73.531
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.527
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.322
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: soil survey
Theme_Keyword: soils
Theme_Keyword: Soil Survey Geographic
Theme_Keyword: SSURGO
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
Place_Keyword: New York
Place_Keyword: Putnam County
Place_Keyword: Brewster Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Croton Falls Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Hopewell Junction Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Lake Carmel Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Mohegan Lake Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Oscawana Lake Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Pawling Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Peach Lake Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Peekskill Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Poughquag Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: West Point Quadrangle
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation
Service, should be acknowledged as the data source in products
derived from these data.

This data set is not designed for use as a primary regulatory tool
in permitting or citing decisions, but may be used as a reference
source. This is public information and may be interpreted by
organizations, agencies, units of government, or others based on
needs; however, they are responsible for the appropriate
application. Federal, State, or local regulatory bodies are not to
reassign to the Natural Resources Conservation Service any
authority for the decisions that they make. The Natural Resources
Conservation Service will not perform any evaluations of these maps
for purposes related solely to State or local regulatory programs.

Photographic or digital enlargement of these maps to scales greater
than at which they were originally mapped can cause misinterpretation
of the data. If enlarged, maps do not show the small areas of
contrasting soils that could have been shown at a larger scale. The
depicted soil boundaries, interpretations, and analysis derived from
them do not eliminate the need for onsite sampling, testing, and
detailed study of specific sites for intensive uses. Thus, these data
and their interpretations are intended for planning purposes only.
Digital data files are periodically updated. Files are dated, and
users are responsible for obtaining the latest version of the data.

Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Contact_Position: State Soil Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service
Address: New York State Office
Address: The Galleries of Syracuse, 5th Floor, Suite 354
Address: 441 South Salina Street
City: Syracuse
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 13202
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 315-477-6521
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: (202) 720-2600
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: steven.indrick@ny.usda.gov

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: Attribute accuracy is tested by manual comparison of the source with hard copy plots and/or symbolized display of the map data on an interactive computer graphic system. Selected attributes that cannot be visually verified on plots or on screen are interactively queried and verified on screen. In addition, the attributes are tested against a master set of valid attributes. All attribute data conform to the attribute codes in the signed classification and correlation document and amendment(s).
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Certain node/geometry and topology GT- polygon/chain relationships
are collected or generated to satisfy topological requirements
(the GT-polygon corresponds to the soil delineation). Some of these
requirements include: chains must begin and end at nodes, chains
must connect to each other at nodes, chains do not extend through
nodes, left and right GT-polygons are defined for each chain
element and are consistent throughout, and the chains representing
the limits of the file are free of gaps. The tests of logical
consistency are performed using vendor software. All internal
polygons are tested for closure with vendor software and are checked
on hard copy plots. All data are checked for common soil lines (i.e.,
adjacent polygons with the same label). Edge locations generally do
not deviate from centerline to centerline by more than 0.01 inch.

The quadrangles in this survey are edge matched to quadrangles in
adjacent SSURGO certified soil, Dutchess, Westchester, Orange and
Rockland Counties, New York, and Connecticut Statewide Update Subset 1,
And the survey area boundaries do match.

Most feature edges (polygon and line segments) match adjacent ones
in the edge matched survey areas, however, most feature labels don't
match the adjacent feature labels in edge matched surveys.

Descriptive attributes (tabular information about the polygons and
line segments) were developed specifically for each survey area.
Although most don't match exactly, the descriptive attributes of
most polygon and line segments in this survey are nearly the same as
adjacent ones in edge matched soil surveys.

Completeness_Report:
A map unit is a collection of areas defined and named in terms of
their soil components or miscellaneous areas or both. Each map
unit differs in some respect from all others in a survey area and
each map unit has a symbol that uniquely identifies the map unit
on a soil map. Each individual area, point, or line so identified
on the map is a delineation.

Soil Scientists identify small areas of soils or miscellaneous areas
that have properties and behavior significantly different than the
named soils in the surrounding map unit. These minor components
may be indicated as special features. If they have a minimal effect
on use and management, or could not be precisely located, they may
not be indicated on the map.

A map unit has specified kinds of soils or miscellaneous areas
(map unit components), each with a designated range in
proportionate extent. Map units include one or more kinds of soil
or miscellaneous area. Miscellaneous areas are areas that have little
or no recognizable soil.

Specific National Cooperative Soil Survey standards and procedures
were used in the classification of soils, design and name of map
units, and location of special soil features. These standards are
outlined in Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993,
USDA, NRCS; Agricultural Handbook 436, Soil Taxonomy, 1995,
USDA, NRCS; and all Amendments; Keys to Soil Taxonomy,
(current issue) USDA, NRCS; National Soil Survey
Handbook, title 430-VI,(current issue) USDA, NRCS.

The actual composition and interpretive purity of the map unit
delineations were based on data collected by scientists during
the course of preparing the soil maps. Adherence to National
Cooperative Soil Survey standards and procedures is based on
peer review, quality control, and quality assurance. Quality
control is outlined in the memorandum of understanding for the
soil survey area and in documents that reside with the Natural
Resources Conservation Service state soil scientist. Four kinds
of map units are used in soil surveys: consociations, complexes,
associations, and undifferentiated groups.

Consociations - Consociations are named for the dominant soil.
In a consociation, delineated areas use a single name from the
dominant component in the map unit. Dissimilar components are
minor in extent. The soil component in a consociation may be
identified at any taxonomic level. Soil series is the lowest
taxonomic level. A consociation that is named as a miscellaneous
area is dominantly that kind of area and minor components do not
significantly affect the use of the map unit. The total amount of
dissimilar inclusions of other components in a map unit generally
does not exceed about 15 percent if limiting and 25 percent if
nonlimiting. A single component of a dissimilar limiting inclusion
generally does not exceed 10 percent if very contrasting.

Complexes and associations - Complexes and associations consist
of two or more  dissimilar components that occur in a regularly
repeating pattern. The total amount of other dissimilar components
is minor extent. The following arbitrary rule determines whether
complex or association is used in the name. The major components
of an association can be separated at the scale of mapping. In
either case, because the major components are sufficiently different
in morphology or behavior, the map unit cannot be called a
consociation. In each delineation of a complex or an association,
each major component is normally present though their proportions
may vary appreciably from one delineation to another. The total
amount of inclusions in a map unit that are dissimilar to any of
the major components does not exceed 15 percent if limiting and
25 percent if nonlimiting. A single kind of dissimilar limiting
inclusion usually does not exceed 10 percent.

Undifferentiated groups - Undifferentiated groups consist of two
or more components that are not consistently associated
geographically and, therefore, do not always occur together in
the same map delineation. These components are included in the
same named map unit because their use and management are the same
or very similar for common uses. Generally they are grouped together
because some common feature, such as steepness, stoniness, or
flooding, determines their use and management. If two or more
additional map units would serve no useful purpose, they may be
included in the same unit. Each delineation has at least one of the
major components, and some may have all of them. The same principles
regarding the proportion of minor components that apply to
consociations also apply to undifferentiated groups. The same
principles regarding proportion of inclusion apply to
undifferentiated groups as to consociations.

Minimum documentation consists of three complete soil profile
descriptions that are collected for each soil added to the legend,
one additional per 3,000 acres mapped; three 10 observation
transects for each map unit, one additional 10 point transect per
3,000 acres.

A defined standard or level of confidence in the interpretive
purity of the map unit delineations is attained by adjusting the
kind and intensity of field investigations. Field investigations
and data collection are carried out in sufficient detail to name
map units and to identify accurately and consistently areas of
about 3 acres.

Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The accuracy of these digital data is based upon their
compilation to base maps that meet National Map
Accuracy Standards at a scale of 1 inch equals 1,000
feet. The difference in positional accuracy between the
soil boundaries and special soil features locations in the
field and their digitized map locations is unknown. The
locational accuracy of soil delineations on the ground varies
with the transition between map units.

For example, on long gently sloping landscapes the transition
occurs gradually over many feet. Where landscapes change
abruptly from steep to level, the transition will be very
narrow. Soil delineation boundaries and special soil features
generally were digitized within 0.01 inch of their locations on
the digitizing source. The digital map elements are edge matched
between data sets. The data along each quadrangle edge are
matched against the data for the adjacent quadrangle. Edge
locations generally do not deviate from centerline to centerline
by more than 0.01 inch.

Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 1922
Title: Soil Survey of The White Plains Area, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: atlas
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, D.C.
Publisher: Government Printing Office
Source_Scale_Denominator: 62500
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1922
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS1
Source_Contribution: original outdated survey
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1980
Title: multiple photographs
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Salt Lake City, Utah
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service
Source_Scale_Denominator: 12000
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1980
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photographs were flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS1
Source_Contribution: base maps for field soil survey
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 1994
Title: Soil Survey of Putnam and Westchester Counties, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Salt Lake City, Utah
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service
Source_Scale_Denominator: 12000
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1986
Source_Currentness_Reference: final correlation date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS2
Source_Contribution: information for soil map unit delineations, special soil feature locations, and data on soil properties
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: multiple film positives of field maps
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Source_Scale_Denominator: 12000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1980
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photography flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS3
Source_Contribution: compilation source
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1984-1985
Title: multiple orthophotoquads
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Menlo Park, California
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1984
Ending_Date: 1985
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photography flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS2
Source_Contribution: source used to produce compilation base map
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: multiple photobase film positives of orthophotoquads, one-twelfth quad format
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Source_Scale_Denominator: 12000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1984
Ending_Date: 1985
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photography flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS4
Source_Contribution: planimetrically correct base map for compilation
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: Soil Survey of Putnam and Westchester Counties, New York, scribed tracings of soil polygons
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Source_Scale_Denominator: 12000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1986
Source_Currentness_Reference: final correlation date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS5
Source_Contribution: source for film positives of soil polygons
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: Film positives of scribe coats
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Source_Scale_Denominator: 12000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1986
Source_Currentness_Reference: final correlation date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS6
Source_Contribution: scanning source
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1956-1984
Title: multiple 7.5 topographic maps
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, Virginia
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1956
Ending_Date: 1984
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS3
Source_Contribution: source of county boundary
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1956-1981
Title: multiple 7.5 topographic maps
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, Virginia
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1956
Ending_Date: 1981
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS4
Source_Contribution: digitizing source
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: Topographic quadrangles with compiled soil polygons
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1995
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS1
Source_Contribution: digitizing source
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of the Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: digital soils data of Putnam County, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: maps
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: CD-ROM
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1999
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS2
Source_Contribution: digitizing source
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2003
Title: National Soil Information System (NASIS) database for Putnam County, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, Colorado
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Information Technology Center
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2003
Source_Currentness_Reference: export certification date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS3
Source_Contribution: tabular data linked to spatial soil data
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database for Putnam County, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Worth, Texas
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1999
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS4
Source_Contribution: re-archiving source
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2004
Title: National Soil Information System (NASIS) data base
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: unknown
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, Colorado
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Type_of_Source_Media: database
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2004
Ending_Date: 2004
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Source_Contribution: attribute (tabular) information
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database for Putnam County, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Worth, Texas
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2005
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS5
Source_Contribution: re-archiving source
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Putnam and Westchester Counties, has a previously published soil survey, 1922, at a scale of 1:62500. A detailed evaluation found that significant changes in land use, soil classification, soil interpretations, and standards and procedures for making soil surveys made the 1922 survey obsolete.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS1
Process_Date: 1986
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Field procedures for the second order soil survey included plotting of soil boundaries determined by field observation and by interpretation of remotely sensed data. Boundaries were verified at closely spaced intervals, and the soils in each delineation were identified by traversing and transecting the landscape. Soil scientists described and sampled the soils, analyzed samples in the laboratory and statistically analyzed the data. The classification and map unit names were finalized at the final correlation in 1986.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS1
Process_Date: 1986
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The USDA, Soil Conservation Service, National Cartographic Center prepared half-tone film positive base maps for compilation purposes. This base map was made by first preparing an enlaged screened negative from orthophotoquadrangle products produced by the U.S. Geological Survey from National High Altitude Program photography. The negatives were enlarged from 1:24000 to 1:12000. In addition, the negatives were reformatted to one-twelfth quadrangle size. The screened negatives, called half-tone negatives, were then photographically reproduced as positives on stable-base material.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS3, USGS2
Process_Date: 1987
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The 1980, 1:12000 scale photographic base maps upon which the soil survey data was compiled in the field were reproduced on transparent stable-base by the USDA, Soil Conservatioin Service, National Cartographic Center as film positives.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS1
Process_Date: 1986
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The soil polygon data on the 1:12000 film positives of the field sheets were manually compiled on the 1:12000, half tone orthophotoquadrangle film positives. The compilation was completed by the USDA-Soil Conservation Service Soil Scientists in New York State. Soil polygons were refined to the orthophoto image.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS3, SCS4, USGS2
Process_Date: 1987
Process_Step:
Process_Description: For USGS Topographic Maps: Brewster, Croton Falls, Hopewell Junction, Lake Carmel, Pawling, Peach Lake and Poughquoag, and for parts of Mohegan Lake and Oscawana Lake gel coated plastic film was registered to the compiled photobase film positives. The soil polygons were traced on the gel coat using a scribing tool. The scribing procedure was completed by vendors that contracted with the USDA-SCS National Cartographic Center, Fort Worth, Texas. A clear film positive was then made from the scribed tracing at The National Cartographic Center using photographic processes.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS4, SCS5
Process_Date: 1987
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The clear film positives were scanned by Frontennac Designs, Trumansburg, New York. The scan files were processed using LT Plus software. The one-twelfth quadrangle formatted scanned data were joined in the digitizing software using a 1:24000 quadrangle as a template. The Peekskill, West Point, and parts of the Mohegan Lake, and Oscawana Lake quadrangles were recompiled to 1:24000 stable base USGS topographic maps. The soil survey data that were compiled to the USGS topographic maps were then hand digitized directly to these compiled maps using LT4X software. The files from the LT Plus scanning were matched to the files produced by directly digitizing from the compiled data using LT4X. LT Plus and LT4X data files were exported to GRASS 4.13 beta version and Digital Line Graph optional format files were produced. The digital data were reviewed by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center staff for adherence to SSURGO standards in 1997. The data was then returned to New York for corrections.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS6, USGS3, USGS4, NRCS1
Process_Date: 1997
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Map Unit Interpretations Record data base was developed by Natural Resources Conservation Service Soil Scientists according to national standards. The Survey area was redefined as Putnam County, a new correlation document was created reflecting this change and the tables were updated accordingly.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: SCS2
Process_Date: 1999
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Cornell University, Department of Soil, Crop and Atmospheric Sciences, Ithica, New York corrected the data in the SSURGO generated ARC workspace given to them by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center staff. They created new DLG's from the October 1998 ARC/INFO SSURGO Evaluation AML's provided by U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center, Fort Worth, Texas. A CD containing DLGs, metadata, and tabular data was sent to the Wisconsin Digitizing Unit from Cornell for SSURGO evaluation. The DLG-3 Optional fomat files were evaluated with the October 1998 ARC/INFO SSURGO Evalutation AML's and final edits were made. Upon successful completion of SSURGO Evaluation, new DLGs were written from ARC/INFO and were rechecked with the aforementioned AML's. The new DLGs were processed with the October 1998 Archiving AML's provided by National Cartography and Geospatial Center, Fort Worth, Texas.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS2
Process_Date: 1999
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The National Soil Information System data base was developed by Natural Resources Conservation Service soil scientists according to national standards.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS3
Process_Date: 2003
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The online SSURGO data were imported into ARC/INFO Version 7.2.1 at the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Wisconsin Digitizing Unit. The SSURGO data were processed with revised October 1998 AMLs. Minor codes were replaced to link spatial data map unit labels with the National Soil Information System (NASIS) data base. New SSURGO DLGs were written. The SSURGO data and NASIS SSURGO tabular download were archived with April 2001 Version Archiving AMLs provided by the National Cartography and Geospatial Center, Fort Worth, Texas (NCGC). The data were ftped to NCGC for archiving and distribution.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS3, NRCS4
Process_Date: 2003
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20040524
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20040524
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The SSURGO database of Putnam County, New York was downloaded from U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center (NCGC) Distribution site for editing due to border and join issues with Orange County, New York. The common boundary for Putnam County was replaced with an exact duplicate copy from Orange County. The data were then run through the 20040524 ReCert AMLs provided by NCGC and submitted to the Soil Data Warehouse for archival and distribution.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS5
Process_Date: 2005
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20050927
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20050928
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20051212
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20051214
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20060710
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20060711
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20061210
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Soil scientists entered/edited data in NASIS for geomorphic description and selected chemical and physical properties. The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20061211
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The tabular data were extracted from the data mart without change. The spatial data's coordinate system was transformed to UTM Zone 18, Northern Hemisphere (NAD 83) using ESRI ArcObjects 8.3 "ConvertFeatureClass" and exported to an ESRI shapefile.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20061213

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 18
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -75.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000064
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000064
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Special Soil Features
Entity_Type_Definition: Special Soil Features represent soil, miscellaneous area, or landform features that are too small to be digitized as soil delineations (area features).
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993, USDA, SCS.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Special Soil Features Codes
Attribute_Definition: Special Soil Features labels represent specific Special Soil Features. These features are identified with a descriptive label. The label is assigned to the point or line assigned to represent the feature on maps.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993, USDA, SCS; National Soil Survey Handbook, Title 430-VI, part 647 (current issue), USDA, NRCS.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Classification and Correlation of the Soils of Putnam County, New York
Codeset_Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Map Unit Delineations are closed polygons that may be dominated
by a single soil or miscellaneous area component plus allowable
similar or dissimilar soils, or they can be geographic mixtures
of groups of soils or soils and miscellaneous areas.

The map unit symbol uniquely identifies each closed map unit
delineation. Each symbol corresponds to a map unit name. The
map unit key is used to link to information in the National
Soil Information System tables.

Map Unit Delineations are described by the National Soil
Information System database. This attribute database gives the
proportionate extent of the component soils and the properties for
each soil. The database contains both estimated and measured data
on the physical and chemical soil properties and soil
interpretations for engineering, water management, recreation,
agronomic, woodland, range, and wildlife uses of the soil.

The National Soil Information System database contains static
metadata. It documents the data structure and includes such
information as what tables, columns, indexes, and relationships
are defined as well as a variety of attributes of each of these
database objects. Attributes include table and column
descriptions and detailed domain information.

The National Soil Information System database also contains a
distribution metadata. It records the criteria used for selecting
map units and components for inclusion in the set of distributed
data.

Special features are described in the feature table.  It includes an
area symbol, feature label, feature name, and feature description for
each special and ad hoc feature in the survey area.

Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Soil Taxonomy: A basic system of soil classification for making and
interpreting soil surveys. Agricultural Handbook 436, 1999, USDA, SCS.

Keys to Soil Taxonomy (current issue), USDA, SCS.

National Soil Survey Handbook, Title 430-VI, part 647 (current
issue), USDA, NRCS.

Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993, USDA, SCS.


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 501 West Felix Street, Building 23, P.O. Box 6567
City: Fort Worth
State_or_Province: Texas
Postal_Code: 76115
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 800 672 5559
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: 202 720 2600
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 817 509 3469
Resource_Description: Putnam County, New York SSURGO
Distribution_Liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer
system at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, no warranty expressed
or implied is made by the Agency regarding the utility of the data
on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute
any such warranty. The U.S. Department of Agriculture will warrant
the delivery of this product in computer readable format, and will
offer appropriate adjustment of credit when the product is determined
unreadable by correctly adjusted computer input peripherals, or
when the physical medium is delivered in damaged condition. Request
for adjustment of credit must be made within 90 days from the date
of this shipment from the ordering site.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture, nor any of its agencies are
liable for misuse of the data, for damage, for transmission of
viruses, or for computer contamination through the distribution of
these data sets. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits
discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race,
color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political
beliefs, sexual orientation, or marital or family status. (Not all
prohibited bases apply to all programs.)

Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ArcView shapefile
Format_Information_Content: spatial
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip or equivalent
Transfer_Size: 24.2
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Access_Instructions: Select desired survey area at above Internet Web site. An email address is required for receipt of instructions on retrieval via anonymous FTP. Anticipate a delay between submission of request at Web site and receipt of email message.
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ARC/INFO coverage
Format_Information_Content: spatial
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip or equivalent
Transfer_Size: 24.2
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Access_Instructions: Select desired survey area at above Internet Web site. An email address is required for receipt of instructions on retrieval via anonymous FTP. Anticipate a delay between submission of request at Web site and receipt of email message.
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ARC/INFO interchange file
Format_Information_Content: spatial
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip or equivalent
Transfer_Size: 24.2
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Access_Instructions: Select desired survey area at above Internet Web site. An email address is required for receipt of instructions on retrieval via anonymous FTP. Anticipate a delay between submission of request at Web site and receipt of email message.
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Information_Content: keys and attributes
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip or equivalent
Transfer_Size: 8.9
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Access_Instructions: Select desired survey area at above Internet Web site. An email address is required for receipt of instructions on retrieval via anonymous FTP. Anticipate a delay between submission of request at Web site and receipt of email message.
Fees: There is currently no direct charge for requesting data or for retrieval via FTP.
Ordering_Instructions: Visit the above mentioned Internet Web Site, select state or territory, then select individual soil survey area of interest. Spatial line data and locations of special feature symbols are in ESRI ArcGIS (ArcView,ArcInfo) shapefile, coverage and interchange (i.e., export) formats. The National Soil Information System attribute soil data are available in variable length, pipe delimited, ASCII file format.
Turnaround: Typically within four hours

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20061213
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Contact_Position: State Soil Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service
Address: New York State Office
Address: The Galleries of Syracuse, 5th Floor, Suite 354
Address: 441 South Salina Street
City: Syracuse
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 13202
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 315-477-6521
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: (202) 720-2600
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: steven.indrick@ny.usda.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998