Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database for St. Lawrence County, New York


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 20061211
Title: Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database for St. Lawrence County, New York
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Worth, Texas
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Other_Citation_Details: ny089
Online_Linkage: URL:http://SoilDataMart.nrcs.usda.gov/
Description:
Abstract:
This data set is a digital soil survey and generally is the most
detailed level of soil geographic data developed by the National
Cooperative Soil Survey. The information was prepared by digitizing
maps, by compiling information onto a planimetric correct base
and digitizing, or by revising digitized maps using remotely
sensed and other information.

This data set consists of georeferenced digital map data and
computerized attribute data. The map data are in a soil survey area
extent format and include a detailed, field verified inventory
of soils and miscellaneous areas that normally occur in a repeatable
pattern on the landscape and that can be cartographically shown at
the scale mapped. A special soil features layer (point and line
features) is optional. This layer displays the location of features
too small to delineate at the mapping scale, but they are large
enough and contrasting enough to significantly influence use and
management. The soil map units are linked to attributes in the
National Soil Information System relational database, which gives
the proportionate extent of the component soils and their properties.

Purpose: SSURGO depicts information about the kinds and distribution of soils on the landscape. The soil map and data used in the SSURGO product were prepared by soil scientists as part of the National Cooperative Soil Survey.
Supplemental_Information: Digital versions of hydrography, cultural features, and other associated layers that are not part of the SSURGO data set may be available from the primary organization listed in the Point of Contact.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19980921
Ending_Date: 20061211
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -75.860
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -74.525
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 45.016
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 44.050
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: soil survey
Theme_Keyword: soils
Theme_Keyword: Soil Survey Geographic
Theme_Keyword: SSURGO
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)
Place_Keyword: New York
Place_Keyword: St. Lawrence County
Place_Keyword: Massena OE N Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Cornwall West Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Morrisburg Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Louisville Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Massena Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Raquette River Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Hogansburg Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Red Mills Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Sparrowhawk Point Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Waddington Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Chase Mills Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Norfolk Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Brasher Falls Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: North Lawrence Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Brushton Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Ogdensburg West Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Ogdensburg East Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Lisbon Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Morley Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: West Potsdam Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Potsdam Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Parishville Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Nicholville Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Saint Regis Falls Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Morristown OE W Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Morristown Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Edwardsville Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Heuvelton Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Rensselaer Falls Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Canton Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Pierrepont Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Colton Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Rainbow Falls Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Sylvan Falls Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Lake Ozonia Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Chippewa Bay Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Hammond Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Pope Mills Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Richville Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Bigelow Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Hermon Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: West Pierrepont Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Albert Marsh Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Stark Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Carry Falls Reservoir Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Augerhole Falls Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Redwood Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Muskellunge Lake Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Natural Dam Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Gouverneur Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Edwards Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: South Edwards Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Degrasse Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Tooley Pond Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Brother Ponds Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Childwold Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Mount Matumbla Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Antwerp Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Lake Bonaparte Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Harrisville Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Fine Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Oswegatchie Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Newton Falls Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Cranberry Lake Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Long Tom Mountain Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Piercefield Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Oswegatchie SW Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Oswegatchie SE Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Five Ponds Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Wolf Mountain Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Sabattis Quadrangle
Place_Keyword: Slim Pond Quadrangle
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation
Service, should be acknowledged as the data source in products
derived from these data.

This data set is not designed for use as a primary regulatory tool
in permitting or citing decisions, but may be used as a reference
source. This is public information and may be interpreted by
organizations, agencies, units of government, or others based on
needs; however, they are responsible for the appropriate
application. Federal, State, or local regulatory bodies are not to
reassign to the Natural Resources Conservation Service any
authority for the decisions that they make. The Natural Resources
Conservation Service will not perform any evaluations of these maps
for purposes related solely to State or local regulatory programs.

Photographic or digital enlargement of these maps to scales greater
than at which they were originally mapped can cause misinterpretation
of the data. If enlarged, maps do not show the small areas of
contrasting soils that could have been shown at a larger scale. The
depicted soil boundaries, interpretations, and analysis derived from
them do not eliminate the need for onsite sampling, testing, and
detailed study of specific sites for intensive uses. Thus, these data
and their interpretations are intended for planning purposes only.
Digital data files are periodically updated. Files are dated, and
users are responsible for obtaining the latest version of the data.

Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Contact_Position: State Soil Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service
Address: New York State Office
Address: The Galleries of Syracuse, 5th Floor, Suite 354
Address: 441 South Salina Street
City: Syracuse
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 13202
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 315-477-6521
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: (202) 720-2600
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: steven.indrick@ny.usda.gov

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: Attribute accuracy is tested by manual comparison of the source with hard copy plots and/or symbolized display of the map data on an interactive computer graphic system. Selected attributes that cannot be visually verified on plots or on screen are interactively queried and verified on screen. In addition, the attributes are tested against a master set of valid attributes. All attribute data conform to the attribute codes in the signed classification and correlation document and amendment(s).
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Certain node/geometry and topology GT- polygon/chain relationships
are collected or generated to satisfy topological requirements
(the GT-polygon corresponds to the soil delineation). Some of these
requirements include: chains must begin and end at nodes, chains
must connect to each other at nodes, chains do not extend through
nodes, left and right GT-polygons are defined for each chain
element and are consistent throughout, and the chains representing
the limits of the file are free of gaps. The tests of logical
consistency are performed using vendor software. All internal
polygons are tested for closure with vendor software and are checked
on hard copy plots. All data are checked for common soil lines (i.e.,
adjacent polygons with the same label). Edge locations generally do
not deviate from centerline to centerline by more than 0.01 inch.

The quadrangles in this survey are edge matched to quadrangles in
adjacent SSURGO certified soil surveys of Hamilton County, Jefferson
County and Akwesasne Territory: St. Regis Mohawk Reservation, New York, and
the survey area boundaries match.

Most feature edges (polygon and line segments) match adjacent ones in
the edge matched survey areas, however, most feature labels don't match
the adjacent feature labels in edge matched surveys.

Descriptive attributes (tabular information about the polygons and line
segments) were developed specifically for each survey area.  Although
most don't match exactly, the descriptive attributes of most polygon
and line segments in this survey are nearly the same as adjacent ones
in edge matched soil surveys.

Completeness_Report:
A map unit is a collection of areas defined and named in terms of
their soil components or miscellaneous areas or both. Each map
unit differs in some respect from all others in a survey area and
each map unit has a symbol that uniquely identifies the map unit
on a soil map. Each individual area, point, or line so identified
on the map is a delineation.

Soil Scientists identify small areas of soils or miscellaneous areas
that have properties and behavior significantly different than the
named soils in the surrounding map unit. These minor components
may be indicated as special features. If they have a minimal effect
on use and management, or could not be precisely located, they may
not be indicated on the map.

A map unit has specified kinds of soils or miscellaneous areas
(map unit components), each with a designated range in
proportionate extent. Map units include one or more kinds of soil
or miscellaneous area. Miscellaneous areas are areas that have little
or no recognizable soil.

Specific National Cooperative Soil Survey standards and procedures
were used in the classification of soils, design and name of map
units, and location of special soil features. These standards are
outlined in Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993,
USDA, NRCS; Agricultural Handbook 436, Soil Taxonomy, 1995,
USDA, NRCS; and all Amendments; Keys to Soil Taxonomy,
(current issue) USDA, NRCS; National Soil Survey
Handbook, title 430-VI,(current issue) USDA, NRCS.

The actual composition and interpretive purity of the map unit
delineations were based on data collected by scientists during
the course of preparing the soil maps. Adherence to National
Cooperative Soil Survey standards and procedures is based on
peer review, quality control, and quality assurance. Quality
control is outlined in the memorandum of understanding for the
soil survey area and in documents that reside with the Natural
Resources Conservation Service state soil scientist. Four kinds
of map units are used in soil surveys: consociations, complexes,
associations, and undifferentiated groups.

Consociations - Consociations are named for the dominant soil.
In a consociation, delineated areas use a single name from the
dominant component in the map unit. Dissimilar components are
minor in extent. The soil component in a consociation may be
identified at any taxonomic level. Soil series is the lowest
taxonomic level. A consociation that is named as a miscellaneous
area is dominantly that kind of area and minor components do not
significantly affect the use of the map unit. The total amount of
dissimilar inclusions of other components in a map unit generally
does not exceed about 15 percent if limiting and 25 percent if
nonlimiting. A single component of a dissimilar limiting inclusion
generally does not exceed 10 percent if very contrasting.

Complexes and associations - Complexes and associations consist
of two or more  dissimilar components that occur in a regularly
repeating pattern. The total amount of other dissimilar components
is minor extent. The following arbitrary rule determines whether
complex or association is used in the name. The major components
of an association can be separated at the scale of mapping. In
either case, because the major components are sufficiently different
in morphology or behavior, the map unit cannot be called a
consociation. In each delineation of a complex or an association,
each major component is normally present though their proportions
may vary appreciably from one delineation to another. The total
amount of inclusions in a map unit that are dissimilar to any of
the major components does not exceed 15 percent if limiting and
25 percent if nonlimiting. A single kind of dissimilar limiting
inclusion usually does not exceed 10 percent.

Undifferentiated groups - Undifferentiated groups consist of two
or more components that are not consistently associated
geographically and, therefore, do not always occur together in
the same map delineation. These components are included in the
same named map unit because their use and management are the same
or very similar for common uses. Generally they are grouped together
because some common feature, such as steepness, stoniness, or
flooding, determines their use and management. If two or more
additional map units would serve no useful purpose, they may be
included in the same unit. Each delineation has at least one of the
major components, and some may have all of them. The same principles
regarding the proportion of minor components that apply to
consociations also apply to undifferentiated groups. The same
principles regarding proportion of inclusion apply to
undifferentiated groups as to consociations.

Minimum documentation consists of three complete soil profile
descriptions that are collected for each soil added to the legend,
one additional per 3,000 acres mapped; three 10 observation
transects for each map unit, one additional 10 point transect per
3,000 acres.

A defined standard or level of confidence in the interpretive
purity of the map unit delineations is attained by adjusting the
kind and intensity of field investigations. Field investigations
and data collection are carried out in sufficient detail to name
map units and to identify accurately and consistently areas of
about 39 acres for the less detailed soil survey (order 3 survey)
and about 2.5 acres for the more detailed soil survey (order 2 survey).

Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The accuracy of these digital data is based upon their
compilation to base maps that meet National Map
Accuracy Standards at a scale of 1 inch equals 1,000
feet. The difference in positional accuracy between the
soil boundaries and special soil features locations in the
field and their digitized map locations is unknown. The
locational accuracy of soil delineations on the ground varies
with the transition between map units.

For example, on long gently sloping landscapes the transition
occurs gradually over many feet. Where landscapes change
abruptly from steep to level, the transition will be very
narrow. Soil delineation boundaries and special soil features
generally were digitized within 0.01 inch of their locations on
the digitizing source. The digital map elements are edge matched
between data sets. The data along each quadrangle edge are
matched against the data for the adjacent quadrangle. Edge
locations generally do not deviate from centerline to centerline
by more than 0.01 inch.

Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Chemistry and Soils
Publication_Date: 1925
Title: Soil Survey of St. Lawrence County, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Washington, D. C.
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office
Source_Scale_Denominator: 62500
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1925
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: BCS1
Source_Contribution: information for soil map unit delineations, special soil feature locations, and data on soil properties
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1962
Title: multiple aerial photographs
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Salt Lake City, Utah
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service
Source_Scale_Denominator: 15840
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1962
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photography was flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS1
Source_Contribution: base materials for field mapping of the more detailed portion of the soil survey area
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 1968
Title: multiple aerial photographs
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Salt Lake City, Utah
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service
Source_Scale_Denominator: 15840
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1968
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photography was flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: ASCS1
Source_Contribution: photographic base map materials for field mapping of the more detailed portion of the soil survey area
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1984, 1985
Title: multiple aerial photographs
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Menlo Park, California
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Source_Scale_Denominator: 62500
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1984
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photography was flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS2
Source_Contribution: photographic base map materials for field mapping of the less detailed portion of the soil survey area
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: multiple soil maps on a photographic base
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Source_Scale_Denominator: 15840
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1962
Ending_Date: 1972
Source_Currentness_Reference: dates of field mapping
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS1
Source_Contribution: conservation plan mapping and other special request soil mapping used as a reference for the more detailed portion of the soil survey area
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: multiple film positives of 7.5 minute orthophotoquads
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1987
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photography was flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS2
Source_Contribution: base map for compilation
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: multiple film positives of 15 minute orthophotoquads
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Source_Scale_Denominator: 62500
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1987
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photography was flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS3
Source_Contribution: base map for compilation
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Geological Survey
Publication_Date: 1943-1994
Title: multiple 7.5 minute topographic quadrangles
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Reston, Virginia
Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: paper
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1943
Ending_Date: 1994
Source_Currentness_Reference: final publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS3
Source_Contribution: source for digital county boundaries
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: multiple ratioed film positives of field sheets
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1968
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photography was flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS4
Source_Contribution: source material for special soil features, soil polygons and soil attributes
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: multiple ratioed film positives of 15 minute orthophotoquads
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1987
Source_Currentness_Reference: date aerial photography was flown
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS5
Source_Contribution: compiled source material for special soil features, soil polygon and soil attributes
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: annotated soil delineation overlays
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: map
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: stable-base material
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 1995
Ending_Date: 1999
Source_Currentness_Reference: final correlation date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS6
Source_Contribution: scanning source
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: unpublished material
Title: compressed DLGs, metadata, and tables for St. Lawrence County, New York (2nd order more detailed survey-Northern Part) Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2000
Source_Currentness_Reference: date reflecting changes in digital survey
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS7
Source_Contribution: certified data to be merged with southern part of Lawrence County for full county SSURGO Review
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2000
Title: DLGs, metadata, and tabular information of St. Lawrence County, New York (3rd order less detailed-Southern Part)
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: digital data
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: 8 mm tape
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2000
Source_Currentness_Reference: date reflecting changes in digital survey (sent to Wisconsin)
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS8
Source_Contribution: source for SSURGO Review
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2000
Title: Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database for St. Lawrence County, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Worth, Texas
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center
Source_Scale_Denominator: 24000
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2000
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS9
Source_Contribution: re-archiving source
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2002
Title: National Soil Information System (NASIS) database for St. Lawrence County, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, Colorado
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Information Technology Center
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2002
Source_Currentness_Reference: export certification date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS10
Source_Contribution: tabular data linked to spatial soil data
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2004
Title: National Soil Information System (NASIS) data base
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: unknown
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Collins, Colorado
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Type_of_Source_Media: database
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 2004
Ending_Date: 2004
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Source_Contribution: attribute (tabular) information
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Publication_Date: 2006
Title: Soil Survey Geographic (SSURGO) database for St. Lawrence County, New York
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Fort Worth, Texas
Publisher: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center
Type_of_Source_Media: online
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 2006
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS11
Source_Contribution: re-archiving source
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Soil Survey of St. Lawrence County, New York began in 1973. Field work was aided by the 1925 Soil Survey of St. Lawrence County, New York and Conservation Plan Mapping that occurred principally from 1962-1972. A detailed evaluation was done to determine how much of this early mapping was useful. The northern part (more detailed portion of the soil survey area) 1,100,000 acres of the county were mapped at a scale of 1:15840 scale. The southern part (less detailed portion of the soil survey area) of the county was mapped at a scale of 1:62500 scale. The soil survey concluded in July, 1990 with a final correlation that finalized the classification and map unit names.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: BCS1, USGS1, ASCS1, USGS2, NRCS1
Process_Date: 1990
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center, Fort Worth, Texas, used a photographic process to prepare stable-base orthophotoquad positives from orthophotographs for compilation. These were prepared for the more detailed portion of the soil survey area of the survey area at scale 1:24000. These 1:24000 orthophotoquads were mosaicked together to create a 15 minute orthophotoquad film positive at 1:62500 scale for use in the less detailed soil survey area.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS2, NRCS3, NRCS5
Process_Date: 1987
Process_Step:
Process_Description: For the more detailed portion of the survey area, ratioed film positives at 1:24000 scale, were produced from the 1:15840 scale field sheets. The special soil features data, on the ratioed film positives, were compiled to the orthophotoquad film positives onto a stable-base scan overlay. The compilation was completed by Natural Resources Conservation Service, Pennsylvania Compilation Unit, State College, Pennsylvania.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS1, ASCS1, NRCS1, NRCS2, NRCS4
Process_Date: 1990
Process_Step:
Process_Description: For the less detailed portion of the survey area, the 1:62500 aerial photo field sheets were compiled to 1:62500 orthophotoquad film positives by soil scientists from the Natural Resources Conservation Service in New York. This annotated orthophotoquad was later enlarged photographically to 1:24000 scale, and was recompiled to a 1:24000 orthophotoquad film positive onto a stable-base scan overlay. This recompilation was performed by the Natural Resources Conservation Service at West Virginia compilation unit in Summersville, West Virginia.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS2, NRCS3, NRCS5
Process_Date: 1999
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The digitizing of the soil and special soil features data for the more detailed portion of the survey area was completed by contract administered by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center, Fort Worth, Texas. The contractor used custom software for data capture and export in Digital Line Graph Optional format. The data were created and maintained in the North American Datum of 1927. The county boundaries were manually digitized from the 7.5 minute USGS topographic quadrangles. The digital maps of soil lines and special soil features were reviewed by the Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center, SSURGO Support Section imported the data for verification in ARC/INFO Version 7.1.4. The data were edited. Upon successful completion of the SSURGO Evaluation, the DLGs were rewritten from ARC/INFO Version 7.1.1 on a Sun UNIX Workstation. The new ARC/INFO version DLGs were rechecked with the October 1998 ARC/INFO SSURGO Evaluation AMLs. The DLGs were processed with the October 1998 archiving AMLs provided by National Cartography and Geospatial Center, Fort Worth, Texas.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS3, NRCS6
Process_Date: 1998
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The 7.5 minute quadrangle soil map unit
delineation overlays for the less detailed portion of the survey
area were raster scanned by Midwest Graphics, Kenosha, Wisconsin
at 250 dpi on an Intergraph Anatech scanner in rlc format.  Four
control points corresponding to the four corners on the 7.5 minute
quadrangles were used for registration during data collection.  The
data were sent to the Bangor, Maine NRCS State Office.  The county
boundaries were manually digitized from the 7.5 minute USGS
topographic quadrangles in LT4X Version 4.11 on a Sun UNIX
Workstation.  The special soil features were manually digitized
from the scanning source in LT4X at a resolution of 0.01 inch.  The
raster editing, labeling, edge matching, vector conversion were done
in LT4X Version 4.11. Check plots of the soils and special soil
features were reviewed by a soil scientist. The soils and special
soil features files were exported to Digital Line Graph-3 Optional

format files directly out of LT4X Version 4.11.

Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: USGS3, NRCS6
Process_Date: 2000
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The DLGs, metadata, and tabular data of the less detailed portion of St. Lawrence County, New York were sent to U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Wisconsin Digitizing Unit, Madison, Wisconsin for SSURGO Evaluation. The DLG-3 Optional format files were evaluated with the October 1998 ARC/INFO Evaluation AMLs provided by U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center, Fort Worth, Texas. The DLGs and tabular data of the more detailed portion of St. Lawrence County were download and merged with the less detailed portion. The files were evaluated with October 1998 ARC/INFO Evaluation AMLs provided by National Cartography and Geospatial Center. Upon successful completion of the SSURGO Evaluation, the DLGs were rechecked with the October 1998 ARC/INFO SSURGO Evaluation AMLs. The DLGs were processed with the October 1998 archiving AMLs provided by National Cartography and Geospatial Center.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS7, NRCS8
Process_Date: 2000
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Map Unit Interpretations Record data base was developed by the Natural Resources Conservation Service soil scientists according to national standards.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: BCS1
Process_Date: 2000
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The National Soil Information System database was developed by Natural Resources Conservation Service soil scientists according to national standards.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: BSC1
Process_Date: 2002
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The online SSURGO data were imported into ARC/INFO Version 7.2.1 at the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Wisconsin Digitizing Unit. Digital edits were made to approximately 75% of the survey for mapfinishing purposes. The data were then processed with the revised Oct. 1998 ARC/INFO AML's. Minor codes were replaced to link spatial data map units to the National Soil Information System (NASIS) database. Map unit acres from the spatial data were used to populate the NASIS database developed by NRCS soil scientists according to national standards. New DLGs were written from the edited spatial data and, along with the NASIS SSURGO download tabular data, were processed with April 2001 archiving AML's provided by National Cartography and Geospatial Center Fort Worth, Texas (NCGC). The certified data were then ftped to NCGC for archival and distribution.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS9, NRCS10
Process_Date: 2002
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20040306
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20040308
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20041021
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20041021
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The SSURGO database of St. Lawrence County, New York was downloaded from U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center (NCGC) distribution site for the purpose of updating the survey area boundary to be consistent with the Jefferson County, New York SSURGO dataset. The data were then run through the 20040524 ReCert AMLs provided by NCGC and submitted to the Soil Data Warehouse for archival and distribution.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NRCS11
Process_Date: 2006
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20060522
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20060710
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20060711
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate, upon completion of data quality verification, determined that the tabular data should be released for official use. A selected set of map units and components in the soil survey legend was copied to a staging database, and rating values for selected interpretations were generated. The list of selected interpretations is stored in the database table named sainterp.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20061211
Process_Step:
Process_Description: Soil scientists entered/edited data in NASIS for geomorphic description and selected chemical and physical properties. The Natural Resources Conservation Service State Soil Scientist or delegate verified that the labels on the digitized soil map units link to map units in the tabular database, and certified the joined data sets for release to the Soil Data Warehouse. A system assigned version number and date stamp were added and the data were copied to the data warehouse. The tabular data for the map units and components were extracted from the data warehouse and reformatted into the soil data delivery data model, then stored in the Soil Data Mart. The spatial data were copied to the Soil Data Mart without change.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20061211
Process_Step:
Process_Description: The tabular data were extracted from the data mart without change. The spatial data's coordinate system was transformed to UTM Zone 18, Northern Hemisphere (NAD 83) using ESRI ArcObjects 8.3 "ConvertFeatureClass" and exported to an ESRI shapefile.
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: NASIS
Process_Date: 20061213

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 18
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -75.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000256
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000256
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: Special Soil Features
Entity_Type_Definition: Special Soil Features represent soil, miscellaneous area, or landform features that are too small to be digitized as soil delineations (area features).
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993, USDA, SCS.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Special Soil Features Codes
Attribute_Definition: Special Soil Features labels represent specific Special Soil Features. These features are identified with a descriptive label. The label is assigned to the point or line assigned to represent the feature on maps.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993, USDA, SCS; National Soil Survey Handbook, Title 430-VI, part 647 (current issue), USDA, NRCS.
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Codeset_Domain:
Codeset_Name: Classification and Correlation of the Soils of St. Lawrence County, New York
Codeset_Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Map Unit Delineations are closed polygons that may be dominated
by a single soil or miscellaneous area component plus allowable
similar or dissimilar soils, or they can be geographic mixtures
of groups of soils or soils and miscellaneous areas.

The map unit symbol uniquely identifies each closed map unit
delineation. Each symbol corresponds to a map unit name. The
map unit key is used to link to information in the National
Soil Information System tables.

Map Unit Delineations are described by the National Soil
Information System database. This attribute database gives the
proportionate extent of the component soils and the properties for
each soil. The database contains both estimated and measured data
on the physical and chemical soil properties and soil
interpretations for engineering, water management, recreation,
agronomic, woodland, range, and wildlife uses of the soil.

The National Soil Information System database contains static
metadata. It documents the data structure and includes such
information as what tables, columns, indexes, and relationships
are defined as well as a variety of attributes of each of these
database objects. Attributes include table and column
descriptions and detailed domain information.

The National Soil Information System database also contains a
distribution metadata. It records the criteria used for selecting
map units and components for inclusion in the set of distributed
data.

Special features are described in the feature table.  It includes an
area symbol, feature label, feature name, and feature description for
each special and ad hoc feature in the survey area.

Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Soil Taxonomy: A basic system of soil classification for making and
interpreting soil surveys. Agricultural Handbook 436, 1999, USDA, SCS.

Keys to Soil Taxonomy (current issue), USDA, SCS.

National Soil Survey Handbook, Title 430-VI, part 647 (current
issue), USDA, NRCS.

Agricultural Handbook 18, Soil Survey Manual, 1993, USDA, SCS.


Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service, National Cartography and Geospatial Center
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: 501 West Felix Street, Building 23, P.O. Box 6567
City: Fort Worth
State_or_Province: Texas
Postal_Code: 76115
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 800 672 5559
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: 202 720 2600
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 817 509 3469
Resource_Description: St. Lawrence County, New York SSURGO
Distribution_Liability:
Although these data have been processed successfully on a computer
system at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, no warranty expressed
or implied is made by the Agency regarding the utility of the data
on any other system, nor shall the act of distribution constitute
any such warranty. The U.S. Department of Agriculture will warrant
the delivery of this product in computer readable format, and will
offer appropriate adjustment of credit when the product is determined
unreadable by correctly adjusted computer input peripherals, or
when the physical medium is delivered in damaged condition. Request
for adjustment of credit must be made within 90 days from the date
of this shipment from the ordering site.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture, nor any of its agencies are
liable for misuse of the data, for damage, for transmission of
viruses, or for computer contamination through the distribution of
these data sets. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits
discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race,
color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political
beliefs, sexual orientation, or marital or family status. (Not all
prohibited bases apply to all programs.)

Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ArcView shapefile
Format_Information_Content: spatial
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip or equivalent
Transfer_Size: 87.3
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Access_Instructions: Select desired survey area at above Internet Web site. An email address is required for receipt of instructions on retrieval via anonymous FTP. Anticipate a delay between submission of request at Web site and receipt of email message.
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ARC/INFO coverage
Format_Information_Content: spatial
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip or equivalent
Transfer_Size: 87.3
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Access_Instructions: Select desired survey area at above Internet Web site. An email address is required for receipt of instructions on retrieval via anonymous FTP. Anticipate a delay between submission of request at Web site and receipt of email message.
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ARC/INFO interchange file
Format_Information_Content: spatial
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip or equivalent
Transfer_Size: 87.3
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Access_Instructions: Select desired survey area at above Internet Web site. An email address is required for receipt of instructions on retrieval via anonymous FTP. Anticipate a delay between submission of request at Web site and receipt of email message.
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
Format_Information_Content: keys and attributes
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip or equivalent
Transfer_Size: 20.2
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Access_Instructions: Select desired survey area at above Internet Web site. An email address is required for receipt of instructions on retrieval via anonymous FTP. Anticipate a delay between submission of request at Web site and receipt of email message.
Fees: There is currently no direct charge for requesting data or for retrieval via FTP.
Ordering_Instructions: Visit the above mentioned Internet Web Site, select state or territory, then select individual soil survey area of interest. Spatial line data and locations of special feature symbols are in ESRI ArcGIS (ArcView,ArcInfo) shapefile, coverage and interchange (i.e., export) formats. The National Soil Information System attribute soil data are available in variable length, pipe delimited, ASCII file format.
Turnaround: Typically within four hours

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20061213
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Contact_Position: State Soil Scientist
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service
Address: New York State Office
Address: The Galleries of Syracuse, 5th Floor, Suite 354
Address: 441 South Salina Street
City: Syracuse
State_or_Province: NY
Postal_Code: 13202
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 315-477-6521
Contact_TDD/TTY_Telephone: (202) 720-2600
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: steven.indrick@ny.usda.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998